26 June 2019
#Corporate & Commercial Law, #Competition & Consumer Law, #Workplace Relations & Safety, #Procurement, #Construction, Infrastructure & Projects, #Technology, Media & Telecommunications, #Superannuation, Funds Management & Financial Services
As the new financial year rapidly approaches, we outline the key changes that will take effect from 1 July 2019 – as well as in the coming months - and discuss what you can do to best prepare for them.
We examine the changes set to take place in:
Big shots still to be fired by competition regulator in 2019
In the first half of the new financial year, on 13 September 2019, we will see the repeal of the intellectual property exemption in subsection 51(3) of the Competition and Consumer Act come into effect (see our article here). On 21 June 2019, the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) released draft guidelines for consultation. We encourage clients to consider their existing contracts and arrangements prior to the repeal taking effect to ensure they are not in breach of competition laws by way of their previous reliance on the exemption.
We also expect to see plenty of activity from the chief regulator, the ACCC in its priority areas including actions in respect of electrical and whitegoods products and customer loyalty programs. In February 2019, the ACCC announced it was closely examining the use of any personal data collected by schemes in the airline, retail and hospitality sectors, as well as whether the benefits promised were actually received and the competition issues around new entrants and the impact of such programs. We are yet to see the result of these investigations to date, and any outcomes are likely to be interesting in the world of ‘big data’ and the overlap of misleading and deceptive conduct with privacy laws.
The ACCC also aims to have two to three criminal cartel investigations come to conclusion and prosecutions commence each year. With increased budget support from the Government announced at the end of last year, the ACCC expected to see at least three significant cartel investigations referred to the Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions (CDPP) in 2019 for a decision on whether to prosecute, so we are likely to see more to be announced in the first half of this financial year.
Author: Senior associate Emily Booth
In the new financial year we look forward to the implementation of various recently introduced legislative changes as well as the continued development of key themes in the market and reform programs already underway.
The recent NSW and federal elections have already brought us announcements of the next cycle of major infrastructure projects. Last month, we touched on the major projects the Coalition Government committed to during the federal election campaign and in March we looked at the major projects the NSW Government committed to during its state election campaign.
We now take a look at the recently introduced legislative changes and reforms that are likely to impact the industry in the new financial year - and beyond.
National Construction Code
A major change for the building and construction industry is the 2019 National Construction Code (NCC), which became effective on 1 May 2019, repealing the NCC 2016. The NCC is a performance-based code that applies to all states and territories across the country, and all persons involved in the construction of buildings, by setting out guidance and code compliance levels that must be followed. Overarching the guidance and code is a minimum level of performance requirements. The NCC 2019 will apply as follows:
The NCC 2019 includes a number of key changes:
Building and Development Certifiers Act 2018 (NSW)
On 31 October 2018, the NSW government passed the Building and Development Certifiers Act 2018 (the BDCA).
The BDCA implements a number of changes to improve the certification process relating to building works throughout NSW, including:
Certifiers will need to be “registered” by the Secretary of the Department of Finance (Secretary) and the duration of a registration license is extended from one year, until at least five years, which allows the Secretary to reward low-risk certifiers.
To improve impartiality, the conflict of interest provisions under the BDCA have been broadened to cover all, rather than some, types of work undertaken by certifiers. This means if a certifier undertakes certification work whilst having a conflict of interest they will potentially be in breach of the BDCA and subject to a maximum penalty of $33,000.
The BDCA replaces the two-stage disciplinary process under the Building Professionals Act 2005 (NSW) with a more modern compliance framework. It deletes the terms ‘unsatisfactory professional conduct’ and ‘professional misconduct’ and empowers the Secretary with a number of grounds to rely on when enforcing disciplinary action. The Secretary may also serve a written notice on the certifier to show-cause why disciplinary action should not be taken.
The new disciplinary process also involves changes to how a certifier can challenge the merits of a decision and have it reviewed. The existing review process has been replaced with the standardised internal review provisions found in the Administrative Decisions Review Act 1997 (NSW).
The introduction of the BDCA comes at a time when certifiers are under increased public scrutiny, in particular following recent high rise apartment evacuations in NSW. Future reforms in this area will need to confront the gulf between the public perception that the role of the certifier is to inspect work and pass it for quality and the reality on the ground.
Further, in support of the BDCA, on 30 December 2018 the NSW Government announced a four-point plan focussed on compliance and enforcement reforms to improve certification. The plan includes new disciplinary policy that will see certifiers penalised for not complying with relevant legalisation or negligently signing off on a building which is unsafe or structurally unsound.
Shergold Weir Report
In February 2019, the NSW Government released its response to the Shergold Weir Report 'Building Confidence'. The report was commissioned to follow compliance issues in the construction industry at state, national and international levels.
The NSW Government’s response states that it plans to implement the following:
We are yet to see the substance of the implementation of the NSW Government’s response and pressure will build in the new financial year to see these big ticket aspirations delivered.
Security of payment legislation
NSW’s security of payment legislation has been subject to a new tranche of amendments following the Murray Report released on 31 December 2017. The amendments to the Building and Construction Industry Security of Payment Act 1999 (NSW) (the SOP Act), whilst passed on 21 November 2018, have not yet commenced. A commencement date of December 2019 is proposed to give the necessary time to make regulations and administrative changes.
Aimed at providing greater financial security and prompter payments for subcontractors, key amendments include:
More details of the changes can be found here.
The NSW Government continues to respond to the cladding crisis.
The impacts of the cladding crisis reach further than those who are faced with the responsibility of addressing affected buildings, either as owners or industry participants. Together with some other factors, the cladding crisis has contributed to a tightening in the professional indemnity insurance market. It may well be the issue which defines the industry for the next several years as project owners grapple with accommodating reduced risk appetites from consultants both large and small and design and construct contractors who are confronted with escalating premiums and tightening policy terms.
AS11000 – status update and use of NEC suite of contracts as an alternative
Since Standards Australia’s announcement on 4 April 2017 that all work would cease (although not permanently) on the draft AS11000, there has been increased interest in alternative standard forms of contract, particularly collaborative or relationship principled contracts rather than traditional adversarial forms of contract (such as the AS4000 suite).
The NEC4 suite from the UK Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE), which was first published in 1993, is one potential alternative. The NEC suite has been endorsed by the Governments of UK, South Africa and Hong Kong, and is currently been used by Main Roads in Western Australia.
The NEC4 suite includes a range of options that parties may choose from, allowing it to be easily adapted to a variety of projects without the need for significant amendments, including with respect to pricing, design responsibility, incentive payments, Early Contractor Involvement (ECI) and dispute resolution mechanisms.
The optionality of the NEC4 suite combined with the focus on collaborative and relationship contracting principles that are embedded within the suite, may see the NEC4 suite being increasingly used as a preferred alternative to the standard construction contracts that are currently being used in Australia.
Financial reporting thresholds for large proprietary companies to increase
Changes to the financial thresholds that determine when a private company is considered 'large' for reporting purposes will commence on 1 July 2019. The amendments to the Corporations Regulations 2001 increase the thresholds that determine whether a company has to lodge annual financial reports, directors’ reports, and auditors’ reports, and will lighten the administrative reporting burden on thousands of small to medium sized enterprises.
The thresholds, previously not been reviewed since 2007, will be doubled:
Read more about this in our article 'Changes to financial reporting for large proprietary companies' here.
New whistleblower protections
New legislation designed to enhance whistleblower protections across a range of statutes and industries will come into effect from 1 July 2019. The changes significantly alter and expand the protections available to eligible whistleblowers who report wrongdoing in the corporate sphere (including conduct which occurred prior to 1 July) and require affected entities to adopt and implement a whistleblower policy within their organisation. Key changes include:
Read more about this here.
Mandatory wording for consumer warranties
Under changes to the Competition and Consumer Law Regulations 2010 (Cth) which commenced on 9 June 2019, businesses who supply services (or goods with services) to consumers and provide warranties against defects in respect of those goods or services, must now include additional mandatory wording in their warranty documentation (such as terms and conditions, or customer contracts). The changes expand existing warranty wording requirements and are intended to remind consumers of their rights under the Australian Consumer Law and ensure there is no attempt to restrict or limit consumer warranty rights.
Consumer data right and open banking in 2020
Ongoing delays to facilitate further testing have seen the launch of Australia’s consumer data right deferred from July 2019 to February 2020. The launch of the open banking regime will see greater control ceded to consumers over their financial information that is held by banks and financial institutions, and will ultimately allow for data to be shared and accessed when nominated by a consumer, for example, when comparing products, fees and services.
While the financial services industry will be the first to undergo the testing, it would be prudent for other industries soon to be affected (such as the telecommunications industry) to undertake reviews of their internal data management processes, in anticipation of being subject to the same scrutiny as the banks.
Watch this space - Digital platforms inquiry final report due on 30 June 2019
The ongoing inquiry into the effects of digital search engines, social media platforms and other digital content aggregation platforms on media and advertising market competition is due to hand down its final report on 30 June 2019. Draft legislation is expected to be tabled in the latter half of 2019, following the release of the inquiry report and recommendations.
ASX listing rules consultation
Implementation of the rule changes proposed in the ASX’s consultation paper Simplifying, clarifying and enhancing the integrity and efficiency of the ASX Listing Rules has been deferred from the originally proposed implementation date of 1 July 2019 until 1 December 2019.
Australian Business Growth Fund
Following the Coalition government’s election promise to establish a new public-private fund giving small and family businesses greater access to funding, there are calls for the fund to be established and industry funding made available before the end of the year. After some initial reluctance, Westpac is now believed to have come to the table as a prospective participant in the Fund. Reports suggest this leaves ANZ as the only remaining 'Big 4' member opposed to the Fund.
With an initial equity investment of $100 million, the Australian Business Growth Fund is hoped to eventually grow to $1 billion through partnerships with banks, super funds and other financial institutions. While there is no definitive timeline, businesses with annual turnovers between $2 million and $50 million and who are interested in potential public-private partnerships, should continue to watch this space for the opportunity to take up both direct financial investment and non-financial support.
Broader obligations for APRA regulated entities
The Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA) CPS Standard (Standard) which will apply from 1 July 2019 broadens the obligations of APRA-regulated entities beyond other cybersecurity obligations, including relevant provisions in the Privacy Act 1988 (Cth). The Standard also contains principles-based obligations regarding the responsibility of an organisation’s board for information security, the importance of maintaining information security capabilities and policy frameworks proportionate and relevant to the size and extent of threats it faces. It also provides that APRA-regulated entities have the requirements to assess capabilities of third party providers, to classify information assets, implement various information security controls, audits and testing, and have mechanisms for incident management and response plans.
Read more here.
Authors: Senior associate Georgia Milne
Modern Slavery Act 2018 (NSW)
This is due to a number of fundamental issues with the Act including:
The Act has now been referred to the Standing Committee on Social Issues and we will continue to provide updates on the Act as it develops.
Government Procurement Agreement
On 5 April 2019, the World Trade Organization (WTO) announced that Australia has ratified the WTO’s Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), becoming the 48th member to join the GPA which became effective on 5 May 2019
By ratifying the GPA, Australia will be provided with numerous opportunities such as access to new government procurement markets. Notably, all Australian businesses, no matter their size will have access to the nation state members which currently sits at 47 members.
The Agreement aims to recognise “the need for an effective multilateral framework for government procurement, with a view to achieving greater liberalization and expansion of, and improving the framework for, the conduct of international trade”.
Some of the key features of the GPA include recognising:
Changes to local government procurement
The Local Government Amendment Bill 2019 (the Bill) was introduced in the Legislative Assembly on 4 June 2019, passing with amendments on 19 June 2019. The Bill amends the Local Government Act 1993 (NSW) with respect to tendering requirements, rates, election planning, mutual recognition of approvals and other regulatory matters.
The key changes to local government procurement under the Bill are:
Small Medium Enterprise procurement framework
On 1 February 2019, the NSW Government Small Medium Enterprise (SME) procurement framework became effective.
The framework applies to NSW government agencies procuring goods and services (excluding construction) in regional NSW.
Regional NSW includes all areas within NSW outside the Newcastle, Sydney and Wollongong metropolitan area.
It is designed to increase participation of SMEs and regional businesses in government procurement of goods and services through a range of policy objectives, including:
Authors: National Head of Procurement, partner Scott Alden, lawyer Victoria Gordon & lawyer Andrew Morello
Is Australia ready for 5G: A new government and a new approach to spectrum regulation?
In late 2017, the Australian Government issued a paper, '5G – Enabling the future economy', setting out the roadmap for regulatory steps to be taken to support the rollout of 5G in Australia. The paper announced, among other matters, that the Government would support the early deployment of 5G in Australia by modernising the regulatory framework for the allocation and management of spectrum. 5G networks cannot be rolled out unless the necessary spectrum is available. Therefore ensuring spectrum availability, on a timely and efficient basis, is one of the most important regulatory actions that the Government can take.
Now the dust has settled on the recent federal election, we take a look at what the Government has achieved in this area and whether we can expect further regulatory change in the short term.
Read our full update on this here.
Author: Technology, Media & Communications partner Angela Flannery
Increase to the unfair dismissal cap/ high income threshold
The Fair Work Commission (FWC) has this week announced that, from 1 July, the high income threshold in unfair dismissal cases will increase to $148,700.
Employee’s earning up to this amount are eligible to apply for protection from unfair dismissal under the Fair Work Act.
The FWC has also announced that for dismissals occurring on or after 1 July, the compensation limit will be $74,350.
Employers need to be conscious of the increased thresholds for any terminations of employment that occur after 1 July. And any employers that offer a guarantee of annual earnings after 1 July will also need to ensure that the amount exceeds the new threshold.
Increase to the minimum wage
From the first full pay period on or after 1 July 2019, the national minimum wage and the modern award minimum wage will increase by three per cent.
The decision affects close to 2.2 million or 21 per cent of Australian employees who have their pay set by a modern award and 180,220 or 1.7 per cent of employees who are paid at the adult minimum wage rate.
Key changes from the Fair Work Commission’s Annual Wage Review are:
Read our more extensive update on this change here.
Deadline approaches for Victoria’s labour hire licensing scheme
A licensing system to regulate the provision of labour hire services is set to be introduced as part of a raft of changes under the Labour Hire Licensing Act 2018 (Vic) that was introduced last year.
Agencies that fall within the Act or the Regulations are required to apply for a licence by 30 October 2019.
As part of this application, agencies need to obtain and disclose the following information:
Read our full update on this issue here.
Author: Workplace Relations & Safety partner Michael Selinger
Competition & Consumer
Dan Pearce, Partner
T: +61 3 9321 9841
Construction & Infrastructure
Christine Jones, Partner
T: +61 2 8083 0477
Scott Alden, Partner
T: +61 2 8083 419
Helena Golovanoff, Partner
T: 61+ 2 8083 0443
Corporate & Commericial
Darren Pereira, Partner
T: +61 2 8083 487
Scott Alden, Partner
T: +61 2 8083 419
Technology, Media & Communications
Angela Flannery, Partner
T: +61 2 8083 0448
Workplace Relations & Safety
Michael Selinger, Partner
T: +61 8083 0430
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