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NSW Government Bulletin

10 November 2021

#Government

Published by:

Jeremy Cassrels

NSW Government Bulletin

Estoppel in public law – can a public authority be prevented from correcting mistakes?

McHugh v Minister for Immigration (No 2) [2021] FCAFC 152

In 1975, Edward McHugh came to Australia from the Cook Islands, aged seven, with his soon-to-be adoptive parents. He was raised, educated and employed here. In 1987 he became entitled to vote. He has a bank account. Before turning 43, he didn’t even know he was adopted. In 2017 he received an Australian passport, something only given to citizens. Mr McHugh had no reason to doubt he lacked Australian citizenship. But in 2018, he learned he had never been a citizen and now faces deportation.

Mr McHugh was informed he’d been living in Australia under a statutory ‘absorbed persons visa’. These visas allow some long-term resident migrants to remain within, but not re-enter, the country. These visas are not formally notified and do not need renewal. According to Mr McHugh, his non-citizen status should have been notified when applying for his passport. The application required proof of citizenship, but this was overlooked. 

In 2018, and following a crime, conviction and incarceration, Mr McHugh’s non-citizen status was examined. The government authority, through the relevant Minister, considered the appropriateness of Mr McHugh’s visa continuing given the criminal conviction. This was discretionary. The Minister decided to cancel the visa on character grounds, with Mr McHugh being detained and awaiting deportation from these shores.

Litigation commenced, travelling through several courts. Mr McHugh contended the government, having let him effectively live a fully entitled Australian citizen, cannot in fairness throw him out. Mr McHugh claimed his reliance upon the government’s conduct entitled him to now be treated as a citizen. For example, had the government used opportunities to inform McHugh of his status, like during the passport application, Mr McHugh could have applied for citizenship. However, given his criminal record and the Minister’s visa decision, he no longer can. 

What the courts said

Mr McHugh’s court actions failed. A public authority, including a Minister, has certain powers granted by lawfully made legislation. The public authority can, and often must, use those powers in carrying out its functions. This can be a statutory duty or a statutory discretion, and often in combination, such as a police officer deciding on issuing a ticket.

Courts will not compel a public authority to do something beyond the authority’s legislative power. Considering Mr McHugh, a court cannot order the Minister to determine that Mr McHugh is a citizen. As a fact, Mr McHugh is not a citizen by failing to meet the relevant legislative criteria. The Minister has no power to decide otherwise – like asking me to fly. Indeed, the Minister would be acting unlawfully.

But what about the public authorities with discretions allowing a determination one way or another, where either outcome is lawful? Again taking Mr McHugh, if the Minister could have determined that his visa continues or ends and lawfully decided to revoke the visa, could a court order the Minister to exercise his discretion differently? Could a court say the Minister is not permitted to given, or put legally is ‘estopped’ from giving, the same weight to a factor within the discretion, such as giving less weight to Mr McHugh’s character than last time?

As before, the answer is no. Doing this prevents the public authority from exercising the power a parliament has given the authority to enjoy in its own lawful discretion.

Why this principle makes sense 

Seen this way, Mr McHugh’s appeals to unfairness, including him potentially losing a chance to apply for citizenship, will not help him. It does not matter if the government applied, or failed to apply, the same law to the same person differently in the past.

Not only does unfairness not factor into the decision, but the above approach can actually prevent unfairness through equal treatment and uniformity. Of course, it does not mean there will never be media-attracting stories like Mr McHugh’s – his circumstances were, and likely consequences are, extraordinary and hopefully rare.

A more productive approach involves considering most laws as having a sensible rationale – even NSW’s Inclosed Lands Act give occupiers of inclosed land the right to “destroy any goat trespassing thereon” (I’ve never had cause to exercise this law and like goats anyway). Considering Mr McHugh’s case, a Minister’s discretion about cancelling visas in particular circumstances is not abhorrent. It is also subject to judicial review, as Mr McHugh’s case shows.

Merely because the Minister may have come to another lawful decision, which could fall in Mr McHugh’s favour, does not undermine the decision actually made.

Another example and link to public law

In showing how allowing interference with discretions can operate adversely, consider a more straightforward example. David and Angela earn the same income and, things being equal, should pay the same income tax. But while David’s assessment correctly says he owes $20,000, Angela’s notice is mistakenly for $200. Some years pass and Angela’s tax error is uncovered with the correct amount being charged. The amount is not made up, it’s a statutory calculation. Even if Angela honestly believed her tax assessment was correct, and even if she has since spent the money so paying it now causes her hardship, Angela’s legal recourse, if based on her saying “but it’s unfair if you apply that law to me”, will fail. 

The tax is owed, and the public authority will exercise its powers based upon a proper understanding of what the law requires. The decision-maker cannot be bound by an earlier mistake. Doing so would, in a sense, be unlawful – David, having paid his full allotment, probably thinks so. The legislation requires payment.

In contrast, and momentarily shifting to private law, the situation differs. For example, a contract involving regular payments may express what is payable. But if one party undercharges, and this continues for a time with the debtor-party reasonably believing the lesser payment was correct, the debtor-party may be afforded defences. These often turn on a ‘change of position’, where the debtor-party reasonably arranged their affairs in the belief that full payment has been made, and it is unfair or unjust to now compel payment.

Are there any exceptions or limits? 

The unfairness caused by a public authority’s mistake can be real. A person may suffer genuine detriment and hardship if belatedly a correct decision is made. Righting this will not involve arguing that a court should control the authority’s discretion since Mr McHugh’s fate awaits. Instead, recourse is often by way other laws or by examining the public authority’s role.

Public authorities, at least in money matters, can often exercise hardship provisions if criteria are met. This allows a decision maker to waive a charge in particular circumstances. Tax legislation often does this, and the application to debts is straightforward. However, a remedy for a citizenship bungle is harder.

Another example would be retrospective development consent modifications under planning law, permitting work that would, without the modification, be unlawful. It can also pay to examine legislation given other provisions may assist, such as ‘savings and transitional’ provisions identifying when and how particular provisions apply.

A further circumstances arises from the public authority’s role. Is it acting in its public capacity for a public purpose, or as a private actor who coincidently is also a public authority? To illustrate, the Minister for the Department of Education may licence land to a business – using the school on a weekend. Here private laws will mostly apply to the public authority. In this capacity the authority is, subject to usual laws, so for example if the authority makes representations and the other party reasonably relies upon those, the other party could access the usual legal remedies. 

The future

One policy argument supporting the approach taken in Mr McHugh’s case toward public law estoppels was the desirability of equal treatment and uniformity. This argument adopts a specific perspective on what equality and uniformity mean. From another viewpoint, it is just as uniform and equal to allow a person who innocently relied upon a public authority’s representation to continue doing so.

Does this mean room exists to prevent unfairness where a person innocently relies upon a government’s mistaken representation? While doing so may satisfy an individual’s sense of justice, the approach has legal difficulty. For example, being an Australian citizen involves meeting known criteria. To prevent individual unfairness, a non-citizen who for years was incorrectly treated as a citizen, would need to become a legal citizen because of the mistake. But factually the person will not be a citizen. A court or the Minister cannot decree it otherwise. Unless the citizenship laws change to satisfy the individual’s circumstances – which makes the Minister’s decision or a court application redundant – the court or the Minister are powerless.

There may be more scope where a discretion capable of legitimate exercise in a number of ways is involved, and the unfairly treated person wants the discretion exercised in their favour. But this also has difficulties. For instance, it may create legal precedents with unwanted or unknown consequences. It may make legislating hard.

This piece only scrapes the surface, and hopefully demonstrates, how complex (and interesting) public law estoppels ­can be.

Authors: Bede Haines & Jeremy Cassrels

In the media

NSW Police wants platform to create "complete biometric profile" of crimes
NSW Police is planning to replace its legacy PhotoTrac facial recognition system with an integrated platform capable of creating a “complete biometric profile of an offender” (05 November 2021).  More...

Report corrects perception of lawyers
Australia’s legal profession prides itself on providing a voice for people in need, but it has rarely spoken up on its own behalf. A new report articulates the contribution lawyers make to the community and addresses misconceptions regarding the profession (05 November 2021).  More...

OAIC: Observations following the joint statement on global privacy expectations of video teleconferencing companies
Moving forward, the joint signatories highlight this model of engagement as valuable and replicable in circumstances where emerging issues would benefit from open dialogue to help set out regulatory expectations, clarify understanding, identify good practice, and foster public trust in innovative technologies (03 November 2021).  More...

Australian company directors now required to create digital ID
Company directors will now be required to create an identification number through myGovID that stays with them for life as the government moves to crack down on illegal phoenixing (01 November 2021).  More...

NSW government cyber security progress "insufficient", audit finds
NSW government agencies have made “insufficient progress to improve cyber security safeguards” since the introduction of the government’s cyber security policy, a damning audit has found (29 November 2021).  More...

HRLC: Discriminatory voter ID laws an attack on voting rights and must not proceed
The Morrison government’s proposed laws requiring people provide identification when voting will create new and unnecessary barriers that undermine the right to vote for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and people experiencing homelessness (28 October 2021).  More...

Child-friendly guide to help understand child sexual abuse
The Australian Human Rights Commission has worked with the National Office for Child Safety to develop a guide to help children and young people understand child sexual abuse, and how to seek help. The guide was launched to support Australia’s first ever national strategy to prevent and respond to child sexual abuse (27 October 2021).  More...

The enforcement of COVID-19 public health orders during lockdown
The vast majority of Sydney residents report that they strictly complied with COVID-19 public-health orders during the recent lockdown. Interestingly the study suggests that compliance was greater in LGAs of concern possibly because the COVID-19 risk was higher or possibly due to more enforcement (27 October 2021).  More...

Government considers new powers for telcos to block malicious SMS scams
The federal government is weighing whether it needs additional legislation to give telcos the power to block malicious text messages en masse (27 October 2021).  More...

Litigation funding reforms introduced into Parliament
The Morrison government has introduced legislation into Parliament to improve outcomes for litigation funding participants by promoting a fair and reasonable distribution of class action proceeds (27 October 2021).  More...

PS whistleblowers to get better protection
All NSW public sector agencies, statutory bodies and local councils are to be affected by new whistleblower-protection laws, which have been welcomed in an assessment report from the NSW Ombudsman. Whistleblowers will be able to report wrongdoing directly to any integrity agency (26 October 2021).  More...

Ombudsman flags PS hiring issues
The NSW Ombudsman has identified potential systemic issues in the public sector’s use of both contingent labour and other contractors to effectively fill employment roles (26 October 2021).  More...

In practice and courts

Attorney-General appointments
Appointment to the Federal Court of Australia
29 October 2021 – Mr Scott Goodman SC has been appointed as a judge of the Federal Court of Australia and will commence on 11 November 2021.

GovCMS lines up to walk online again
Australia’s whole-of-Government website management platform, GovCMS, is preparing to host a week of online events to help departments and agencies explore everything it has to offer from 15 to 19 November. Click here for more information.

Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications: Draft Online Safety (Basic Online Safety Expectations) Determination 2021 consultation
We are seeking submissions on an exposure draft of the Online Safety (Basic Online Safety Expectations) Determination 2021. The draft determination sets out the government’s demands for providers that offer a social media service, “relevant electronic service” or “designated internet service”, including the nine principle-based “core expectations” included in the Act. View the consultation. Submissions to the consultation close on 12 November 2021.

Law Council submissions
28 October 2021 – Law Council. Phase three of Australia’s digital identity legislation.

COAG Legislation Amendment Bill 2021
29 October 2021 – the Law Council made a submission to the Senate Finance and Public Administration Legislation Committee inquiry into the COAG Legislation Amendment Bill 2021, presently before the House of Representatives. Click here for more information.

Security Legislation Amendment (Critical Infrastructure) Bill 2020
29 October 2021 – the House of Representatives has passed the Security Legislation Amendment (Critical Infrastructure) Bill 2020 with extensive amendments, which implement bipartisan recommendations of the PJCIS that endorsed the majority of the Law Council’s submissions to its inquiry. The anticipated further PJCIS review of a second Bill (when introduced) will provide an opportunity for the Law Council to engage in further advocacy on these matters, which include the need for an independent authorisation process for governmental intervention powers, and immunities for the personnel of regulated entities in relation to acts done in compliance with obligations under the expanded regulatory regime. Click here for more information.

Law Council update
The Law Council produces a fortnightly newsletter which highlights the Law Council's important activities and advocacy, along with any relevant media and events stakeholders would be interested in. Read more here.

AAT Bulletin
The AAT Bulletin is a weekly publication containing a list of recent AAT decisions and information relating to appeals against AAT decisions. Issue No. 22/2021, 1 November 2021.

Australian Human Rights Commission consultation
Have your say in a National Anti-Racism Framework
Submissions are open from 21 October to 15 December 2021.

Legal and Constitutional Affairs Legislation Committee
The performance and integrity of Australia’s administrative review system
The deadline for submissions to this inquiry is 24 November 2021. Further detail about the scope of the inquiry is provided in the terms of reference.
The adequacy and efficacy of Australia’s anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism financing (AML/CTF) regime
Report by 2 December 2021.
Constitution Alteration (Freedom of Expression and Freedom of the Press) 2019
Status: Accepting submissions. Date referred: 17 June 2021. Submissions closed: 20 August 2021. Reporting date: 31 December 2021.

Consultation on review of the Workplace Gender Equality Act 2012
The Workplace Gender Equality Agency has invited feedback on a review of the law covering workplace gender equality in Australia, and issued a consultation paper which covers the current legislation, enshrined in the Workplace Gender Equality Act 2012, as well as gender indicators and continuing employer reporting obligations. Submissions close on 24 November and further information can be accessed on the PM&C website here.

NSW

JUDCOM Handbook for Judicial Officers
Updated 29 October 2021. Click here for more information.

Sentencing Council: Review of fraud and fraud-related offences
The Attorney General has asked us to review sentencing for fraud and fraud-related offences in New South Wales. We are currently accepting preliminary submissions on issues raised by the terms of reference. Preliminary submissions are due by 17 December 2021. For more information, visit our background webpage and questions to guide preliminary submissions.

Local Court memo 24 on COVID-19
01 November 2021 – COVID Court procedure to 24 January 2022. This memorandum replaces all other previous COVID-19 memorandum. Read more here.

NSW Court of Appeal publications
The NSW Court of Appeal has published its latest NSWCA decisions before the High Court as at 14 October 2021. The NSW Court of Appeal has published its latest Decisions of Interest Bulletin on the Court of Appeal website.

Published – articles, papers, reports

Investigation into the procurement of an acting executive director at the former NSW Department of Planning and Environment
NSW Ombudsman: 26 October 2021.
PSC guidelines did not provide guidance on whether it was appropriate for contingent labour hire workers to use the title associated with a GSE Act role. Read more here.

NSW special report by the NSW Ombudsman on the Public Interest Disclosures (PID) Bill 2021
Ombudsman: 26 October 2021.
The new Bill is a complete rewrite of its 1994 predecessor and responded to the 38 recommendations made by the 2017 Parliamentary Ombudsman Committee. The Bill is simpler and easier to navigate and contains fewer ‘trip hazards’ for would-be whistleblowers. Read more here.

PGPA Newsletter 74
05 November 2021 – contents – amendments to the finance secretary direction of the provision of performance information in portfolio budget statements; annual reports; PGPA entity survey – delayed until 2022. New machinery of government changes page on the finance website; updates to RMG–110 accounting for leases; NEW RMG: RMG–501; super stapling commenced on 1st November. Read more here.

Oversight of the use of covert, intrusive and coercive powers
Commonwealth Ombudsman: 05 November 2021.
One of the Ombudsman’s functions is to perform compliance audits of certain Commonwealth, State and Territory law enforcement, integrity and regulatory agencies’ use of covert, intrusive and coercive powers. Read more here.

Themes from the Australian National Audit Office’s recent environmental audit coverage
The ANAO, provided a country paper and acting Executive Director Corinne Horton, delivered a presentation to the 8th Asian Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions seminar on environmental auditing virtually, on 25 October 2021. The country paper was titled Themes from the Australian National Audit Office’s recent environmental audit coverage and the presentation was titled Audit promoting government accountability for environment. Read more here.

Using data analytics for risk-based performance audit planning
ANAO paper: 25 October 2021.
The ANAO provided a case study to SAI Russia, as a follow-up to the Moscow declaration SAI Russia is publishing a collection of case studies and best practices of strategic approach to public auditing. The case study was titled Using data analytics for risk-based performance audit planning. Read more here.

Annual report 2020/21
Information and Privacy Commission NSW: 26 October 2021.
The IPC has published its annual report 2020/21 which documents its work and achievements throughout the 2020/21 reporting period. Read more here.

Breaches of COVID-19 public health orders in NSW
Sara Rahman; BOSCAR Bureau Brief No. BB157: 27 October 2021.
Public order offences – COVID-19, fines, public health orders.
Read more here.

Cases

Davison v Commissioner of Police, NSW Police Force [2021] FCA 1324
REPRESENTATIVE PROCEEDINGS – closed class representative proceeding brought on behalf of Indigenous Australians under s 46PO of Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986 (Cth) – settlement approval application pursuant to s 33V of Federal Court of Australia Act 1976 (Cth) – whether proposed settlement sum and distribution scheme fair and reasonable and in interests of all group members – settlement approved.
PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE – application for non-publication orders over various documents including settlement deed – whether non-disclosure necessary to prevent prejudice to proper administration of justice – orders made.
Australian Human Rights Commission Act 1986 (Cth) ss 46P, 46PH(1B)(b), 46PO; Federal Court of Australia 1976 (Cth) ss 33V, 33ZB, 33ZF, 37AE, 37AF, 37AG; Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (Cth) ss 9, 11, 13, 18A, 18C, 18E.

Burns v Gaynor [2021] NSWCATAD 324
HUMAN RIGHTS – discrimination – grounds – sexual orientation discrimination.
CIVIL PROCEDURE – discontinuance of proceedings – terms on which proceedings discontinued.
CIVIL PROCEDURE – jurisdiction – exercise of federal jurisdiction.
COSTS – exceptions to general rule that costs follow the event – Administrative Tribunals.

FlyBlue Management Pty Ltd v NSW Crown Lands Department [2021] NSWCATAD 322
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – freedom of information – government information public access – public interest considerations – Government Information (Public Access) Act 2009 (NSW).

FBY v Secretary, NSW Ministry of Health [2021] NSWCATAD 319
HUMAN RIGHTS – discrimination – whether power to dismiss complaint summarily under s 102 of the Anti-Discrimination Act 1977 should be exercised.
HUMAN RIGHTS – discrimination by qualifying body under s 49J of the Anti-Discrimination Act 1977.

Zhu v Wang [2021] NSWCA 265
CIVIL PROCEDURE – stay of orders – application for stay pending application for special leave to appeal to High Court – where no application yet filed in High Court – where no evident prospects of success of obtaining special leave under Judiciary Act 1903 (Cth), s 35A – where no offer by applicants to pay any part of judgments into court as a condition of a stay – whether applicant had accrued right to fee which could be set-off against judgment debts – whether orders should be stayed – whether exceptional circumstances established for grant of stay.

Else v Commissioner of Police, NSW Police Force [2021] NSWCATAD 317
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – government information – access application – legal professional privilege – waiver – conclusive presumption against disclosure.

DVT v Commissioner of Police [2021] NSWCATAP 337
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – appeal against dismissal of application for adequate statement of reasons – whether tribunal has power to order an adequate statement of reasons from the administrator.

Anglican Church Property Trust Diocese of Sydney v Camden Council [2021] NSWLEC 118
JUDICIAL REVIEW – validity of condition of consent imposing developer contributions – relief – power to order a refund if condition invalid – discretion to order a refund if condition invalid – condition valid – no power to order refund.

Danis v Commissioner of Police, NSW Police Force [2021] NSWCATAD 311
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – Government Information (Public Access) – grounds for refusing access – balancing competing public interest factors for and against disclosure – public interest considerations in favour of disclosure include personal factors of the application – public interest in enhancing government accountability – whether disclosure of the information could reveal or substantiate an agency has engaged in misconduct or negligent, improper or unlawful conduct – public interest considerations against disclosure include whether disclosure would prejudice the supply to an agency of confidential information that facilitates the effective exercise of that agency’s functions – whether information was given in confidence – whether disclosure of information provided in confidence would found an action against an agency for breach of confidence – whether personal information of an individual disclosed in family law proceedings had already been revealed – whether disclosure of information about a child would not be in the child’s best interests to have the information disclosed.

Davis v Minister for Health [2021] NSWCATAD 310
ADMINISTRATIVE LAW – application for administrative review – jurisdiction of tribunal – summary dismissal.

Legislation

Commonwealth

Bills

Electoral Legislation Amendment (Voter Integrity) Bill 2021
HR 28/10/2021 – this Bill makes amendments to the Electoral Act and Referendum Act to require voters to present acceptable identification documentation prior to receiving a ballot paper at polling places, pre-poll locations, and mobile polling locations, as recommended by the JSCEM’s reports into the conduct of the 2013, 2016 and 2019 elections.

Electoral Legislation Amendment (Contingency Measures) Bill 2021
HR 28/10/2021 – the Bill amends the Electoral Act to provide the Electoral Commissioner with the power to modify limited provisions in the Electoral Act, an emergency declaration has been issued under a Commonwealth law.

Electoral Legislation Amendment (Assurance of Senate Counting) Bill 2021
HR 28/10/2021 – the Bill amends the Electoral Act to strengthen the integrity of Australia’s electoral system by increasing the transparency and assurance of Senate counting, including independent assurances of the computer systems and processes used to capture and count votes.

National Disability Insurance Scheme Amendment (Participant Service Guarantee and Other Measures) Bill 2021
HR 28/10/2021 – the Bill 2021 will implement significant improvements for participants, their families and carers by reducing red tape, increasing flexibility and clarifying timeframes for decision-making by providing for the Participant Service Guarantee.

National Redress Scheme for Institutional Child Sexual Abuse Amendment (Funders of Last Resort and Other Measures) Bill 2021
HR 27/10/2021 – the Bill proposes to modify various aspects of the National Redress Scheme for Institutional Child Sexual Abuse (the Scheme) to increase access to the Scheme for survivors of institutional child sexual abuse and to support effective administration.

Unsolicited Political Communications Legislation Amendment Bill 2021
HR – 25 October 2021 – the purpose of the Bill is to provide consumers with more control over the receiving of unsolicited electronic and telephone communication from political parties by addressing exemptions to laws that otherwise prohibit or limit telemarketing and spam communication.

Australian Federal Integrity Commission Bill 2021
HR 25/10/2021 – this bill establishes the Australian Federal Integrity Commission or ‘AFIC’ – which will have appropriate powers of assessment, investigation, and referral to enable clear, proportionate, and practical responses to allegations of serious and/or systemic corruption issues at the federal level in the public interest, with comprehensive procedural fairness and whistleblower safeguards.

Coal Prohibition (Quit Coal) Bill 2021
HR – 25/10/2021 – this Bill will prohibit the mining, burning and the export and importation of thermal coal in Australia by: Phasing out the export of thermal coal by 2030; prohibiting the mining or burning of coal after 1 January 2030.

Commonwealth Electoral Amendment (Disclosure of Political Donations) Bill 2021
HR – 25/10/2021 – the Bill amends the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 to require registered political parties, state branch of political parties, an individual political candidate, a group of political candidates, or associated entities to: Disclose all (cumulative) donations received.

Commonwealth Electoral Amendment (Stop the Lies) Bill 2021
HR – 25/10/2021 – this Bill amends the Commonwealth Electoral Act to prohibit misleading and deceptive political advertising during federal elections. The Bill prohibits advertising that contains a statement of fact which is misleading or deceptive to a material extent or is likely to mislead or deceive to a material extent.

Privacy (COVID Check-in Data) Bill 2021
25/10/2021 – this Bill will introduce a ban on using COVID-19 check-in data for enforcement related activity purposes by preventing Commonwealth, State or Territory authorities from using or providing COVID-19 check in data for law enforcement purposes.

Social Media (Basic Expectations and Defamation) Bill 2021
25/10/2021 – the intent of the Bill is to enable the Minister to set basic expectations of a social media service provider regarding the hosting of defamatory material on social media platforms, and secondly to ensure that service providers are liable for defamatory material hosted on their platforms that is not removed in a reasonable timeframe.

Protecting Pensioners from the Cashless Debit Card Bill 2021
25/10/2021 – the Bill will amend the Social Security (Administration) Act 1999 to repeal law that allows the government to compel social security recipients to use the cashless debit card. This will end the government’s cashless debit card program from 31 January 2022.

Aged Care Amendment (Making Aged Care Fees Fairer) Bill 2021
25/10/2021 – the Bill newly provides an inclusive definition of costs for which approved providers may charge as ‘administration and management’ fees.

Acts

Judges' Pensions Act 1968
26/10/2021 – Act No. 151 of 1968 as amended.

Royal Commissions Act 1902
26/10/2021 – Act No. 12 of 1902 as amended.

Broadcasting Legislation Amendment (Broadcasting Reform) Act 2017
25/10/2021 – Act No. 113 of 2017 as amended.

Privacy Act 1988
25/10/2021 – Act No. 119 of 1988 as amended.

NSW

Bills assented to
Better Regulation Legislation Amendment (Miscellaneous) Act 2021 No 23 – assented to 01 November 2021
Local Government Amendment (COVID-19–Elections Special Provisions) Act 2021 No 24 – assented to 01 November 2021
Electric Vehicles (Revenue Arrangements) Act 2021 No 25 – assented to 01 November 2021
Water Industry Competition Amendment Act 2021 No 26 – assented to 01 November 2021
Coastal Management Amendment Act 2021 No 27 – assented to 01 November 2021

Regulations and other miscellaneous instruments
Administrative Arrangements (Administration of Acts–Amendment No 3) Order 2021 (2021–646) – published LW 5 November 2021
Administrative Arrangements (Administrative Changes–Ministers and Public Service Agencies) Order (No 4) 2021 (2021–647) – published LW 5 November 2021
Firearms Amendment (Exemptions and Compliance Requirements) Regulation 2021 (2021–648) – published LW 5 November 2021
Ageing and Disability Commissioner Amendment Regulation 2021 (2021–627) – published LW 29 October 2021
Environmental Planning and Assessment Amendment (Short-term Rental Accommodation) Amendment Regulation (No 2) 2021 (2021–629) – published LW 29 October 2021
Local Government (Manufactured Home Estates, Caravan Parks, Camping Grounds and Moveable Dwellings) Amendment (Displaced Persons) Regulation 2021 (2021–631) – published LW 29 October 2021
Public Holidays Amendment (Grafton City) Order 2021 (2021–626) – published LW 27 October 2021

Environmental Planning Instruments
State Environmental Planning Policy (Affordable Rental Housing) Amendment (Short-term Rental Accommodation) Amendment (No 2) 2021 (2021–642) – published LW 29 October 2021

Disclaimer
The information in this publication is of a general nature and is not intended to address the circumstances of any particular individual or entity. Although we endeavour to provide accurate and timely information, we do not guarantee that the information in this newsletter is accurate at the date it is received or that it will continue to be accurate in the future.

Published by:

Jeremy Cassrels

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